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Anti-Infective Agents


ISSN (Print): 2211-3525
ISSN (Online): 2211-3533

Research Article

Second Wave of Covid-19 with Seasonal Influenza (Flu) in Uttar Pradesh, Northern India: A Cohort Study

Author(s): Nadeem Rais*, Akash Ved, Rizwan Ahmad, Kehkashan Parveen, Om Prakash, Darakhshan Gazala Bari, Khursheed Ahmad, Muhammad Farman and Naze Alam

Volume 20, Issue 4, 2022

Published on: 05 July, 2022

Article ID: e050422203117 Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/2211352520666220405123925

Price: $65


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection, while influenza viruses cause the flu. SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus co-infection seems to be a real and serious concern.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the clinical features, laboratory investigations, computed tomography scans, and interventions of Covid-19 patients during seasonal influenza.

Methods: This was a multi-center prospective cohort study that collected data from hospitals, clinics, and laboratories on measurements, treatments, and outcomes from Covid-19 patients admitted to temporary Covid-19 care centers.

Results: A total of 480 individuals (female, 231 [48.12%]; male, 249 [51.88%]) were recruited from March 31st to May 14th, 2021 at five hospitals/clinics in Uttar Pradesh, North India. The patients were divided into six groups based on their age (65+ years [25.41% of cases] being the most affected age) and five groups based on their conditions (asymptomatic 65 [13.54%], mild 94 [19.58%], moderate 206 [42.91%], severe 84 [17.50%] and critical 31 [6.45%]). Patients’ outcomes were documented as death (19 [3.95%]), recovery (421 [87.71%]) and undertreatment (40 [8.34%]).

Conclusion: The most common clinical symptoms reported were fever, sore throat, and dyspnea. The severity was linked to hypoxemia, lymphocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and high blood urea nitrogen (BUN). The vast majority of patients were given symptomatic treatment. Any onset of fever should be suspected and examined for the viral strain to distinguish between Covid-19 and the seasonal flu.

Keywords: Coronavirus, seasonal flu, covid-19 center, clinical study, influenza, SARS-CoV-2.

Graphical Abstract

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