The Open Epidemiology
Hospitalised Eye Injuries in New South Wales, Australia
Jennifer Long and Rebecca Mitchell Pp 1-7
Purpose: This is the first population-based descriptive
study of hospitalised eye injuries in New South Wales (NSW), Australia
that also estimates the cost of these injures to the health system.
The purpose is to describe the incidence and cause of hospitalised
eye injuries in NSW from 1 July 2000 to 30 June 2005.
Method: Hospitalised eye injuries in NSW were obtained
from information recorded in the NSW Admitted Patients Data Collection
and were identified using relevant International Classification
of Disease, version 10 Australian modification (ICD-10-AM) codes
pertaining to eye injury.
Results: The annual rate of hospitalised eye injuries for
NSW residents was 25.5 per 100,000 population. Males had higher
rates of hospitalisation than females and males 20-24 years and
females aged 85 years or over had the highest rates of hospitalisation
for each gender. Injuries of the eye and orbit were the most common
type of injury (40.8%) and interpersonal violence was the most common
type of injury mechanism (27.4%). The home was the most common specified
location of the incident and eye injuries were identified as work-related
in 9.8% of cases.
Conclusions: Eye injuries are an important cause of hospitalised
injury in NSW. Preventive approaches to ocular trauma should be
promoted to populations identified at risk.