Affiliation: Food and Pharmacy College, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan City, Zhejiang Province, 316022, P.R. China.
A series of 2´-hydroxy-4´-isoprenyloxychalcone derivatives was synthesized and evaluated for its antidepressant- like activity using the FST and TST. All compounds exhibited the potential antidepressant-like activity in the FST and the TST through intraperitoneal injection. Among them, compounds 4i, 4l and 4n exhibited more potent antidepressant- like activity at a dose of 10 mg/kg. And, compounds 4i, 4l and 4n were also adequately absorbed in mice after oral administration at a dose of 30 mg/kg. In the 5-HT induced head-twitch test and yohimbine induced mortality test, compound 4i could increase the head-twitch and rise mortality in mice. The results suggested that the antidepressant effects of compound 4i may be related to via the serotonergic and noradrenergic system.