Affiliation: Departamento de Medicina y Nutricion de la Universidad de Guanajuato. 20 de Enero 929, Col. Obregon. C.P. 37320. León, Guanajuato, Mexico.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted viral infection in humans. More than half of sexually active women and men are infected with HPV at some point in their lives. The behavior of lesions caused by HPV is under the influence of immunological factors; cell-mediated immunity is an important aspect. Some authors report that women with severe immunosuppression have an increased risk of cytological abnormalities in the presence of a high load of HPV due to persistent infection. When nutritional status is poor in macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates and fats) and micronutrients (mainly zinc, folic acid and vitamin A), immune function is limited, which leaves the body unprotected against infectious pathogens like HPV. Several studies have reported beneficial associations with the intake of some micronutrients such as vitamins A and C, folic acid, etc. These compounds have a chemopreventive effect due to their antioxidant action. Analyzing the intake of some foods in patients with HPV will allow control of the injuries caused by the virus. A dietary and nutritional approach in treating these patients should be considered.