Traffic in the Operating Room: a review of factors Influencing Air Flow and Surgical Wound Contamination

ISSN: 2212-3989 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5265 (Print)


Volume 14, 3 Issues, 2014


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Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets

Formerly: Current Drug Targets - Infectious Disorders

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Editor-in-Chief:
Jean-Marc Sabatier
Laboratoire ERT 62 'Ingénierie des peptides à visée thérapeutique'
Université de la Méditerranée
Faculté de Médecine Nord
Boulevard Pierre Dramard
13916 - MARSEILLE, Cedex 20
France


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Traffic in the Operating Room: a review of factors Influencing Air Flow and Surgical Wound Contamination

Author(s): Marian Pokrywka and Karin Byers

Affiliation: Infection Control Division, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Mercy 1400 Locust Street Pittsburgh, PA, USA 15219.

Abstract

Surgical wound contamination leading to surgical site infection can result from disruption of the intended airflow in the operating room (OR). When personnel enter and exit the OR, or create unnecessary movement and traffic during the procedure, the intended airflow in the vicinity of the open wound becomes disrupted and does not adequately remove airborne contaminants from the sterile field. An increase in the bacterial counts of airborne microorganisms is noted during increased activity levels within the OR. Researchers have studied OR traffic and door openings as a determinant of air contamination. During a surgical procedure the door to the operating room may be open as long as 20 minutes out of each surgical hour during critical procedures involving implants. Interventions into limiting excessive movement and traffic in the OR may lead to reductions in surgical site infections in select populations


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Article Details

Volume: 13
First Page: 1
Page Count: 1
DOI: 10.2174/18715265113139990030
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