Pleiotropic Effects of the Rho-kinase Inhibitor Fasudil After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies

ISSN: 1875-6212 (Online)
ISSN: 1570-1611 (Print)


Volume 12, 6 Issues, 2014


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Current Vascular Pharmacology

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Editor-in-Chief:
Dimitri P. Mikhailidis
Academic Head, Deptartment of Clinical Biochemistry
Royal Free Hospital Campus
University College London Medical School
University College London (UCL)
Pond Street
London, NW3 2QG
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Pleiotropic Effects of the Rho-kinase Inhibitor Fasudil After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Review of Preclinical and Clinical Studies

Author(s): Shin-ichi Satoh, Ichiro Ikegaki, Koh Kawasaki, Toshio Asano and Masato Shibuya

Affiliation: Scientific Affairs Dept., Asahi Kasei Pharma Corporation, 1-105 Kanda Jinbocho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101- 8101, Japan.

Abstract

There is growing evidence that Rho-kinase contributes to cardiovascular disease, which has made Rho-kinase a target for the treatment of human diseases. To date, the only Rho-kinase inhibitor employed clinically in humans is fasudil, which has been used for the prevention of cerebral vasospasm and subsequent ischemic injury after surgery for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A number of pathological processes, in particular hemodynamic dysfunctions and inflammatory reactions, are thought to be related in the pathogenesis of delayed cerebral vasospasm and subsequent ischemic injury after SAH. This review focuses on fasudil’s pleiotropic therapeutic effects: amelioration of hemodynamic dysfunction and inflammation, and discusses in detail the clinical studies on fasudil administered after the occurrence of SAH.

Keywords: Cerebral vasospasm, fasudil, hydroxyfasudil, pleiotropic therapeutic effects, Rho-kinase, subarachnoid hemorrhage.

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Article Details

Volume: 12
Issue Number: 5
First Page: 758
Last Page: 765
Page Count: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1570161112666140613115813
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