Interaction of Wharton’s Jelly Derived Fetal Mesenchymal Cells with Tumor Cells

ISSN: 2212-3946 (Online)
ISSN: 1574-888X (Print)


Volume 9, 6 Issues, 2014


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Interaction of Wharton’s Jelly Derived Fetal Mesenchymal Cells with Tumor Cells

Author(s): Chinnapandi Bharathiraja, Raman Sukirtha, Muthukalingan Krishnan and Shanmugam Achiraman

Affiliation: Department of Entomology and the Nematology and Chemistry Units Agricultural Research Organization The Volcani centre, Derech Hamacabim 68 Bet Dagan 50250 Isreal

Abstract

Currently, pre-clinical and clinical studies demonstrated the importance of stem cell based therapies for the treatment of human diseases. Fetal Mesenchymal Stem Cells (Fetal MSCs) are potential candidates that can be utilized for the treatment of different types of cancer. Recently, it was proved that Wharton’s jelly (umbilical cord matrix) which is rich in MSCs can be isolated by non-invasive methods such as Ficoll density gradient and magnetic beads coupled to antibodies without any ethical issues. Documentation based on various literatures emphasized that fetal MSCs isolated from fetal umbilical cord possess beneficial activity in cancer therapy than adult MSCs. Specific marker of fetal MSCs such as tumor tropism (exhibit tumor microenvironments which acts similar to anti inflammation immune cells) and low immunogenicity conferred them as a promising tool in gene therapy based oncology research. Based on these facts, this review summarizes the potential interaction of fetal mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with tumor cells and their use in clinical protocols

Keywords: Adult mesenchymal stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, tumor microenvironment

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Article Details

Volume: 9
First Page: 1
Last Page: 4
Page Count: 4
DOI: 10.2174/1574888X09666140507153248
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