Management of Stable COPD: An Update
Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews,
Alexandru Corlateanu, Gloria Montanari, Alexandros G. Mathioudakis, Victor Botnaru and Nikolaos SiafakasAffiliation:
State University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Nicolae Testemitanu”, Stefan cel Mare street 165, 2004 Chisinau, Republic of Moldova.
AbstractChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), being a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, is a major problem for public health. It is predicted that its burden will continuously expand over the next years. This article is an up-to-date review of both non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic management of COPD, which is now based on new staging systems, able to predict prognosis and the response to different treatment approaches. Non-pharmacologic therapies, such as smoking cessation, vaccinations and pulmonary rehabilitation are covered briefly. Current pharmacologic management covers short acting beta-agonists (SABA), short acting muscarinic antagonists (SAMA), long acting beta agonists (LABA), long acting antimuscarinics (LAMA), inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), LABA/ICS combinations, xanthines, specific phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors and oxygen therapy.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), disease management, pharmacotherapy, phenotypes, rehabilitation.
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