A Review of the Management of Lymphangiomas

ISSN: 1875-6336 (Online)
ISSN: 1573-3963 (Print)

Volume 11, 4 Issues, 2015

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Current Pediatric Reviews

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Giuseppe Buonocore
Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine
University of Siena

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A Review of the Management of Lymphangiomas

Author(s): Jennifer Ha, Yu-Ching Yu and Francis Lannigan

Affiliation: Princess Margaret Hospital, Roberts Road, Subiaco, Western Australia 6008, Australia.


Introduction: Lymphangioma is a rare benign cyst caused by congenital malformation of the lymphatic systems that often occurs in the cervicofacial region. There is no consensus on its management: Observation, aspiration, injection, cryotherapy, electrocautery, radiation, laser, ligation and excision.

Methods: We performed a literature search with the keywords “cystic hygroma”, “lymphangioma”, “management”, “OK 432” and “picibanil” from Medline, Embase and PubMed databases.

Results: We present a review of the history, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, histology, classification and management options of cystic hygroma.

Conclusion: There is no consensus on the treatment options. It should be individualised depending on the size of the lesion, anatomic localisation and complications.

Keywords: Cystic hygroma, lymphangioma, management, head and neck, picibanil, review.

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Article Details

Volume: 10
Issue Number: 3
First Page: 238
Last Page: 248
Page Count: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1573396309666131209210751

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