Caffeine and Suicide: A Systematic Review

ISSN: 1996-3181 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5273 (Print)


Volume 13, 10 Issues, 2014


Download PDF Flyer




CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets

Formerly: Current Drug Targets - CNS & Neurological Disorders

Aims & ScopeAbstracted/Indexed in

Ranking and Category:
  • 51st of 261 in Pharmacology & Pharmacy
  • 78th of 252 in Neurosciences

Submit Abstracts Online Submit Manuscripts Online

Editor-in-Chief:
Stephen D. Skaper
Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences
University of Padova
Padova
Italy


View Full Editorial Board

Subscribe Purchase Articles Order Reprints

Current: 3.769
5 - Year: 3.923

Caffeine and Suicide: A Systematic Review

Author(s): A C Silva, N P de Oliveira Ribeiro, A R de Mello Schier, V M Pereira, M M Vilarim, T M Pessoa, O Arias-Carrión, S Machado and A E Nardi

Affiliation: Institute of Psychiatry - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Laboratory of Panic and Respiration. Rua Visconde de Pirajá, 407/702. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. CEP 22410-003. Brazil

Abstract

Suicide is considered a deliberate act initiated and concluded by a person with full knowledge or expectation of a fatal result, and one of the main symptoms of depression. An individual’s conscious and excessive ingestion of a damaging substance is also considered to be an attempted suicide. Despite limited knowledge of caffeine abuse, deaths from overdose of caffeine have been reported in the literature. Thus, this study aims to review the existing literature on caffeine consumption and suicide attempts and deaths, investigating the relation between caffeine consumption and suicide attempts and deaths. We found 24 studies that discuss the relationship between caffeine and suicide. The findings revealed that, despite being an addictive substance and potentially fatal in higher doses, caffeine was still a rare factor in a number of studies concerning its relation with suicide attempts and death. The majority of the research found in this study was of the case study type. Furthermore, the majority of studies focus on the assistance offered to the victim and the procedures undertaken to control the bodily damage created. The existing studies indicate the substance may act as either a direct or an indirect agent in suicide. Therefore, a better understanding of how caffeine may be linked to suicide is crucial for its prevention

Keywords: Caffeine, drug abuse, prevention, suicide

Purchase Online Rights and Permissions

Article Details

Volume: 13
First Page: 1
Last Page: 8
Page Count: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1871527313666140612123656
Advertisement

Related Journals




Webmaster Contact: urooj@benthamscience.org Copyright © 2014 Bentham Science