Atmospheric Implications of the Emission ofCF3CF2CH=CH2 (HFC 1345fz) as a Consequence of its Use as Foam Blowing Agents
Current Environmental Engineering,
Elena Jimenez, Sergio Gonzalez, María Antinolo and Jose AlbaladejoAffiliation:
Departamento de Quimica Fisica. Facultad de Ciencias y Tecnologias Químicas. Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha. Avda. Camilo Jose Cela, s/n. 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain.
AbstractHFC-1345fz (3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene, CF3CF2CH=CH2) is currently considered as an acceptable alternative to high global warming potential (GWP) HFCs as foam blowing agents. The tropospheric photooxidation of HFC-1345fz initiated by hydroxyl (OH) radicals is expected to be faster than the saturated HFCs because of the presence of the C-C double bond. To evaluate the tropospheric persistence of HFC-1345fz it is necessary to determine the rate coefficients of the main removal pathway in the gas-phase, i.e. its reaction with OH (kOH). In this paper, we present the first absolute measurement of kOH at 298 K as a function of total pressure (31 - 624 Torr of He). The determination of kOH has been performed by the pulsed laser photolysis – laser induced fluorescence technique using H2O2 and HNO3 as OHprecursor. A global tropospheric lifetime of HFC-1345fz due to the reaction with OH radicals (τOH) of around 9 days was estimated from kOH and assuming a 24-h averaged OH concentration of 1×106 cm-3. Degradation route of HFC-1345fz initiated by OH radicals is compared with other atmospheric removal processes. The IR absorption cross sections, σv , of HFC-1345fz are also determined in the wavenumber range of 500-4000 cm-1 to quantify its radiative properties, such as the radiative efficiency (RE). The lifetime corrected RE for HFC-1345fz is calculated to be 0.022 W m-2 ppbv-1, which implies a negligible global warming potential. Therefore, from the kinetic and atmospheric degradation points of view, the studied hydrofluoroolefin seems to be suitable for replacing saturated HFCs as foam blowing agents, since they are shortlived species that do not contribute to the Earth’s global warming.
CFC replacement, GWP, hydrofluoroolefin, lifetimes, OH radicals, rate coefficients, radiative efficiency.
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