Kinetics of Hydroarylation of p-cresol with Styrene Using Montmorillonite K-10 as a Heterogeneous Catalyst

ISSN: 2211-5455 (Online)
ISSN: 2211-5447 (Print)


Volume 4, 3 Issues, 2015


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Current Catalysis

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Editor-in-Chief:
Shaobin Wang
Curtin University
Perth, WA 6845 U1987
Australia


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Kinetics of Hydroarylation of p-cresol with Styrene Using Montmorillonite K-10 as a Heterogeneous Catalyst



Current Catalysis, 3(3): 274-285.

Author(s): Satish R. Lanke and Bhalchandra M Bhanage.

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technology, N. Parekh Marg, Matunga, Mumbai-400 019, India.

Abstract

This work reports environmentally benign route for the hydroarylation of styrene with p-cresol for the synthesis of 4-methyl-2-(1-phenylethyl)phenol. The Montmorillonite K-10 was found to be stable, active, economical and recyclable catalyst for the hydroarylation reaction. The catalyst is well characterized with various techniques like XRD, SEM, EDAX, BET surface area, TPD-TPR and TGA. The effect of different reaction parameters like speed of agitation, catalyst loading, mole ratio and temperature was investigated. Furthermore, a second order rate equation was developed to describe the reaction kinetics and validated with experimental results. The activation energy was found to be 45.48 kcal/mol.




Keywords:

Hydroarylation, heterogeneous catalysis, kinetics, montmorillonite K-10, styrene, p-Cresol.



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Article Details

Volume: 3
Issue Number: 3
First Page: 274
Last Page: 285
Page Count: 12
DOI: 10.2174/2211544703666140530205032
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