Steam Reforming of Alcohols for Hydrogen Production

ISSN: 2211-5455 (Online)
ISSN: 2211-5447 (Print)

Volume 4, 3 Issues, 2015

Download PDF Flyer

Current Catalysis

Aims & ScopeAbstracted/Indexed in

Submit Abstracts Online Submit Manuscripts Online

Shaobin Wang
Curtin University
Perth, WA 6845 U1987

View Full Editorial Board

Subscribe Purchase Articles Order Reprints

Steam Reforming of Alcohols for Hydrogen Production

Current Catalysis, 3(2): 220-228.

Author(s): Ivana Buffoni, Gerardo Santori, Francisco Pompeo and Nora Nichio.

Affiliation: Facultad de Ingeniería, PIDCAT, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1 esq. 47, 1900, La Plata, Argentina. CINDECA, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. CCT La Plata-CONICET, 47 Nº 257, 1900, La Plata, Argentina.


To understand the complexity of the reactions involved in the steam reforming of glycerol and with the aim of identifying the contribution of C-C and C-O bonds cleavage, in this work we have studied the steam reforming of C3 alcohols simpler than glycerol such as 1-propanol, 2-propanol, 1,2-propanediol and 1,3-propanediol. A Pt/SiO2 catalyst was employed and were studied the conversion and the product distribution for each alcohol. It was possible to determine the absence of C-O and C-C bonds cleavage in a secondary alcohol such as 2-propanol and 1,2 propanediol. The presence of reaction intermediates with an aldehyde function, deactivates the catalyst due to their strong adsorption on the metal site, moreover, the presence of hydroxyl-aldehydes promotes the C-C bonds cleavage favoring the gas production. The reaction pathway from glycerol to acetol by cleavage C-O bonding or dehydration on metal site is responsible for the subsequent reactions leading to deactivation.

The main reaction pathway to obtain gaseous products from glycerol reforming involve C-C bonds cleavage of primary alcohols such as 2,3-dihydroxypropanal, 1,2-ethanediol and 2-hydroxyethanal. In order to confirm the proposed reaction pathways, steam reforming of ethylene glycol was performed, identifying this compound as primary intermediates to obtain gaseous products from glycerol.


C3-alcohols, platinum catalyst, steam reforming, hydrogen production.

Download Free Order Reprints Order Eprints Rights and Permissions

Article Details

Volume: 3
Issue Number: 2
First Page: 220
Last Page: 228
Page Count: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2211544702666131224224059

Related Journals

Webmaster Contact: Copyright © 2015 Bentham Science